Basti

Basti is treatment done with medicinal substances, like herbal oils and decoctions in a liquid medium, into the rectum of the person. This is one of the five Pradhana Karmas of Panchakarma. Basti, is the most effective treatment of vata disorders, although many enemas over a prescribed period of time are usually required.

Vata is a very active principle in pathogenesis. If we can control vata through the use of basti, we have gone a long way in going to the root cause of the vast majority of diseases.

Vata is the main etiological factor in the manifestation of diseases. It is the motive force behind the elimination and retention of feces, urine, bile and other excreta. Vata is mainly located in the large intestine, but bone tissue called asthi dhatu is also a site for vata. Hence the medication administered rectally effects asthi dhatu. The mucus membrane of the colon is related to the outer covering of the bones (peritoneum), which nourishes the bones. Therefore, any medication given rectally goes into the deeper tissues, like bones, and corrects vata disorders.

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